Here are some examples of the current situation. Since 2010, women’s life expectancy was 69.9 years. The fertility rate was 2.29, and the marital fertility rate was 4%. Maternal health is a national health priority, focused on enhancing professional maternal care. The maternal mortality ratio had improved, from 520 deaths per 100,000 births in 1990 to 200 deaths in 2010. The global average of the same period was 216. The proportion of births attended by skilled personnel increased, from 56% in 1997 to 78% in 2010, which is nearing the 2015 Millennium Development Goal target of 80% of births.
Despite this progress, the majority of maternal deaths occur at home. Only 38% of women with complications in 2010 were referred to a hospital; 24% reached the hospital, but 14% died en route due to late referral or transportation delays. Nearly 5% of all pregnancies ended in abortion in 2010, with especially high rates among adolescents (aged 15–19 years). Contraception prevalence ranged between 39.5% and 46.0% also in 2010, with 24% of married women having an unmet need for family planning. The number of females living with HIV was estimated at 69,489, or 34%, of all people living with the virus in 2012.
Women’s health interventions are overwhelmingly focused on maternal, sexual, and reproductive health, with little attention to women’s and girls’ general health issues beyond the maternity and childbearing years. Little attention is paid to emotional health and violence-related health concerns. Data on gender-based general health differences, though scarce, suggest that women have a lower probability of death by noncommunicable diseases associated with alcohol and tobacco use.